ROMAN CALENDRICAL TERMS

I notice that tomorrow will be QUIRINALIA, thanks to the FASTI Yahoo group and calendar (http://groups.google.com/group/fasti/subscribe?note=1), which gives one Roman calendar dates and directives for the next day.

Not only had I forgotten that QUIRINALIA comes in February, and that it comes on my birthday (2/17), but I found out that it was also called (per Smith’s Dictionary at Lacus Curtius, http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Roman/Texts/secondary/SMIGRA*/Quirinalia.html) the STULTORUM FERIAE, the Carnival of Fools. Sadly appropriate! But that is where I always find myself. Still, in terms of ephemera and foma, I am always flattered to share Quirinus-Romulus’s day of ascension, and how also sobered to find that it involves my humbler qualities in another guise, I remain content.

No longer able to post this supporting info at the Societas Via Romana’s own Yahoo! Group (http://groups.google.com/group/societas-via-romana) since they no longer allow ‘files’ to be posted, I thought I would post it here – it is the Fasti group’s legend for all the arcane attributions that days had as part of the Roman Calendar. The Roman Calendar, despite being an ancestor of our modern & secular Gregorian one, is strange to us and an involved study even to get a basic grasp of what’s going on. But in any event:

ROMAN CALENDRICAL TERMS
[Adapted from http://groups.yahoo.com/group/fasti/cal , whom I rely on as an authority in these matters.  The Roman Calendar placed certain restrictions on citizen’s activities, according to various sanctified traditions applying to various days.  Here is the legend:]

Unless otherwise noted, ordinary citizens may do any normal thing (but not magistrates, who may be constrained otherwise).

[F] Fastus (comitia: no; courts: yes)
[C] Comitialis (comitia: yes; courts: yes)
[N] Nefastus (comitia: no; courts: no)
[NP] Nefastus Publicus (comitia: no; courts: no – ordinary citizens may not commit acts of physical violence, or begin lawsuits, and should try to avoid quarrels)
[EN] Endotercisus (morning: [N]; afternoon: [F]; evening: [N])
[FP] Fastus Publicus (or Principio) (meaning is disputed)
[QRCF] Quando Rex Comitiavit Fas ([N] until the rex sacrorum appears in the comitia, then [F])
[QSDF] Quando Stercus Delatum Fas ([N] until the Temple of Vesta has been cleaned, then [F])

Ater Dies (Dies Atri, the unlucky days) – on those days:
*Gods or Goddesses should not be invoked by name while indoors, and no celestial God or Goddess should be invoked by name while outdoors.
*Sacrifices should not be made.
*New projects should not be started on these days since any new project would necessarily begin by performing a rite calling for the assistance of the gods. Such religious rites, beginning something new, are not to be performed.
*Avoid making journeys, or doing anything risky.
NOTA BENE: Normal work would still be performed on dies atri, and as part of performing any work, one performs rites for the patron deities, geni locii, and other appropriate deities. Likewise, the daily Lares routine is also performed before the lararium.

Religiosus (vitiosus dies): like dies atri, but less bad – on those days:
* Avoid making journeys, starting new projects, doing anything risky.
* No private religious rites may be performed, subject to the same comment as for dies atri.

Di vos incolumes custodiant.

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